History and sights

The beneficial effects of the Hyssarya's lands natural resources were not secret to the Romans. Having conquered Thrace province in 46 AD, they established a settlement around the mineral springs. In 293 AD Emperor Diocletian gives him the status of a city and undertakes its expansion and fortification with fortress walls. That is why in Roman times the city was known precisely as Diocletianopolis - the city of Diocletian. The preserved architectural artifacts of the past are an attractive center for connoisseurs of the historical and cultural heritage, since the preserved remains are a rare representative of Roman architecture in Europe.

 

Fortified gate "The Camels"

The rich of mineral springs ancient Diocletianopoliscity was surrounded by a solid wall. Long is 2327 m. And surrounds an area of ​​300 acres. Reserved seats is original to 10.50 meters. It was built in the late III and early IV century during the reign of Emperor Diocletian. Castle wall having the shape of an irregular quadrilateral. It is one of the best preserved city walls from the period of late antiquity in the Balkans and in Europe. Along the entire length and are built 44 towers. The most interesting of these are the south-eastern corner tower with fan-shape and the northeastern corner tower that is octagonal round basis. In the first half of the V century on the north side defending the town was reinforced with a second fortress wall - proteyhizma. Entering the ancient city occurred during four major gates - one gate on each side of the fortress wall. The north and east are destroyed almost to the ground. South fortress gate (Camels) This is the main gate of the Roman city Diocletianopolis. In its original form it is towered about 20 meters visochina.Ot here was leaving the main road to Philippopolis (Plovdiv). At this point in 1882 Ivan Vazov wrote his famous poem "Fatherland kindly, how good you are!" South Gate, also known as "Camels" is the symbol of the modern resort of Hissar. Western fortress gate located to the west of the city center. Preserved in its original form until today.

Opening hours: every day

Entrance: free

Roman baths

The Roman Baths are located in the park "Lily of the Valley." Individual seats are reserved almost to the roof. They are one of the few known thermal Roman baths in Europe. The entire complex covers 3000kv. m. area. They are built in the second half of IIIc. Original building, along with Nympheum (sanctuary of the nymphs) in them dates back to the middle of the II century. In European project "Development of cultural and historical attractions in the municipality of Hissar" object is preserved, partially restored and available to visit.

Opening hours:

winter: 9.30am - 1:00pm / 2:00pm-6:00pm

Entrance : ticket for- Archaeological Museum, Roman tomb, Roman Baths:

Adults: 5 BGN / Students: 2 BGN

Spring"Momina Sulzha"

Spring "Momina Sulzha" is located in the town of  Hissar, Plovdiv region. Water is slightly mineralized, such as is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. The water temperature is 42 degrees.

Opening hours: every day

Entrance: free

Roman amphitheater

Located near the mineral spring "Lily of the Valley." Initially it was used for holding gladiator fights, but after the adoption of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire in 313, its function is altered in a facility for sports competitions and struggles with animals. Fully preserved arena of the amphitheater. Diocletianopolis amphitheater was built at the end of III. It is the latest formerly known Roman amphitheater. The model of the amphitheater of Diocletianopolis is exposed in the Archaeological Museum.

Opening hours: every day

Entrance: free

Romanfamily tomb

The Roman family tomb is situated 300 m. Southwest of the archaeological reserve. It can be reached by a walkway south of the mineral spring "Lily of the Valley." The tomb can be reached with the vehicle bypass the entry into Hissar direction of the town. Plovdiv. The tomb was built in the second half of the IV century. The municipality of Hissar were found a total of three tombs, but this is the most beautiful and interesting architecture. Burial chamber has a rectangular chamber. In the walls were built six niches with ritual significance. It is believed that the tomb was designed for a family of noble slave owner. It consists of stair corridor and burial chamber. The camera is decorated with frescoes and floors and is designed with colorful mosaic. The tomb dates from the fourth century. Today can be seen in its authentic and kind. It is the only Roman tomb discovered in Bulgaria with terrazzo.

Opening hours:

winter: 9.30am - 4pm

summer: 9.30am- 1.00 pm /  2:00pm - 5:30 pm

Entrance : ticket for- Archaeological Museum, Roman frobnitsa, Roman Baths:

Adults: 5 BGN / Students: 2 BGN

Roman military buildings

They are situated on both sides of the southern fortress gate along the entire length of the south wall and part of the eastern wall. They are built in the second half of the IV century. In the barracks it  was placed an permanent army garrison of about 600 people. Exhibited are barracks buildings west of the southern fortress gate.

Opening hours: every day

Entrance: free

Roman building with an open courtyard and colonnade

It is located near the southern fortress gate. It is a typical representative of the Roman civil architecture such as Italic townhouses. It was built in the second half of IV. In the middle of V. Was destroyed by the Huns, then again was built and expanded to the north. It covers an area of 2637 square meters

Opening hours: every day

Entrance: free

Emperosr's residence

Located in the Park "Lily of the Valley." It revealed five large rooms with massive vaulted structure. The only Roman building in Hisar with preserved walls to the second floor. It dates from the beginning of IV.

Opening hours: every day

Entrance: free

Christian basilica

In Hissar were discovered and investigated nine early Christian basilicas. Of these, only three are exposed and available to visit. Basilicas in Hissar reflect the overall development of the early Christian basilica architecture during the period IV - VI century. Basilica № 1 is located west of the southern fortress gate. It is the only known so far in Bulgaria dvukorabna basilica. The apse it is threefold. Dates from the middle of V.

Opening hours: every day

Entrance: free